Evaluation of Hand Anthropometric Measurements and Grip Strength in Healthy Kitchens Workers

Gajbhiye V, Jiwane R, Choudhary AK

Hands are important tool to perform various works. Strength of hand is measure by hand grip strength which determines physical health and muscle function of an individual. Sixty female workers of 25-45 years of age working in the kitchen of Peoples hospital, hostels were selected for the study. They were divided into two groups according to their nature of work .Study group-Group I (n=30) and Control group-Group II (n=30). Hand width, hand length, palmar length, palmar width, and 3rd digit length were measured following standard techniques. From these hand-anthropometric variables i.e. the shape index, digit index, 2D:4D ratio, palmar length/width ratio and right handgrip strength (kg) were calculated. The palmar length, palmar width, palmer length/palmar width ratio and 2D/4D ratio was similar among all control group females and study group female workers. However, hand length, hand width, digit index and shape index showed significant variation in study group when compare to control group. Hand grip strength of the study group is more as compare to control group. Also there is significant positive correlation between right shape index and right hand grip strength [r(58)=0.85; P=0.01] and between left shape index and left hand grip strength [r(58)=0.90; P=0.01] in the study group female workers. Study group female workers show significant variation in hand anthropometry and have significantly high hand grip strength.

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